Midterm report: Start the Heart Foundation after the first six months of hands only CPR teaching
Cardiac arrest is a major killer in the Louisville metro area. There are approximately 750 cardiac arrests per year. Currently, 90% of those people do not survive the event. The mission of our organization is to improve the survival of cardiac arrest victims through education and training of hands only CPR.
We have used premedical student to act as hands only CPR instructors teaching in Louisville, KY. Our focus this summer was to teach in the highest risk areas of Louisville. The teaching focus during the academic school year is to try and teach every 9th grade student in Jefferson County by offering hands only CPR classes at no cost to the schools. We have had tremendous success working with Jefferson County Public Schools as well as the private schools in Louisville.
The map below is shared from data acquired from Louisville Metro EMS. The map shows the number of cardiac arrests in Jefferson County and the number of people who did not receive bystander CPR. In Jefferson County only 25% of cardiac arrest victims receive bystander CPR. If a person receives bystander CPR, this doubles or triples the chance of surviving the event.
The darker the color the higher the number of cardiac arrest victims that did not receive bystander CPR. There is a greater lack of bystander CPR on the Western and Southern part of Jefferson County.
This summer we focused on the highest risk areas and tried to teach as often as we could in those areas. We had particular success in the Portland area, which is in the far Northwest part of Jefferson County. We taught at community centers, churches and health fairs. We could have taught more people by just teaching anyone but we stayed focused on trying to reach the high risk areas. We taught 90 classes at 60 locations and taught 1890 people hands only CPR. Here is what the map looked like after the summer session.
We felt it was a very successful first summer. We taught someone in each zip code hands only CPR. Some high-risk areas we taught more than in others.
For the fall of 2014, we have shifted our teaching focus and now are concentrating on teach freshmen in high school. We feel freshmen are an ideal age as they are mature enough physically and mentally to learn hands only CPR. Also, each freshman is required to take health class. This is an ideal mix for us to teach. Our cardiac arrest interns are also in school or working nearly full time schedule so our teaching is only 3 days a week. We have taught at 11 area high schools and have another 9 schools scheduled to teach this fall. Our interns have taught an additional 1300 people hands only CPR. Below is the current map. Green is the higher number of people taught hands only CPR per zip code.
We have made huge strides in reaching the highest risk areas. By teaching every freshman in Jefferson County we should be able to blanket the area evenly with CPR trained individuals. If a person has been taught CPR once they are more than 50% likely to perform CPR if the occasion ever were to arise.
We are going to continue to teach in area high schools through the academic school year. The month of January we will have 4 additional full time cardiac arrest interns from DePauw University and should be able to make a big impact.
Lastly, we have been able to do this with extreme cost efficiency. Our interns have volunteered and we have no paid employees. Much of our cost this first year is related to start up cost and hopefully will not recur. Even with these start up costs we are able to teach hands only CPR for roughly $5/person. I hope this costs go down in the future.